Brazil natural Arabica, Cerrado NY2, Scr 17/18, ss, fc, gtfr, Yellow Bourbon, Fazenda Pantano
|Unit of Measure||GrainPro bags of 60kg|
|Bag Type||Grain Pro|
Brazil is well-known for its geographical vastness. In central Brazil, the extensive Cerrado savannah is interrupted by seemingly endless plateaus called Chapadas. They cover the states Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins and Minas Gerais, turning them into one of the largest coffee production areas in the world. In the west of Minas Gerais, farmers have started to concentrate on cultivating mainly specialty coffees, forming the associated region of Cerrado Mineiro. Well-defined seasons with hot, wet summers and pleasantly cool, dry winters favor coffee cultivation in this region.
Coffees from Cerrado Mineiro stand for high altitudes, fine cups and traceability from farm to cup. Every bag gets an individual label with a number that verifies its exact origin. With the help of this code, more information about the respective Fazenda and cupping reports from professional Q-graders can be found on www.cerradomineiro.org.
Being a member of this association, Fazenda Pântano guarantees high quality standards and sustainable farming practices. It is operated by “Famiglia“ Ferrero, a family of Italian heritage whose ancestors migrated to Brazil in 1912 to work on coffee plantations. The fazenda covers over 700 hectares, of which more than 100 hectares are kept uncultivated as a natural forest reserve. The Ferraro family supports a local school and funds various staff trainings. Besides the traditional natural processing method, Fazenda Pântano also applies the so-called “eco-washing“ method. After harvesting, the cherries are pulped and immediately dried on African beds, which saves valuable water resources.
Brazil is well-known for its geographical vastness. The Amazon basin stretches over more than a thousand kilometers, while an endless coastline frames the country in the east. In the central parts of Brazil, the Cerrado plateaus cover the states Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, and Minas Gerais, making it one of the largest coffee production regions in the world.
Coffee production in Brazil represents about one-third of the entire coffee production, making it by far the biggest producer worldwide for the last 150 years. Both Arabica and Robusta (known as Conilon) are grown, whereas Arabica dominates with a growing share of ca. 80%.
Coffees from Brazil are described in detail: NY 2 stands for "New York 2" and refers to the maximum number of allowed defects, according to the defect count method of the New York stock exchange. It is quality-wise the highest grade. Screen 17/18 defines the bean size. It is one of the biggest among Brazilian grades. Strictly soft, fine cup describes the cup profile – requiring a smooth, consistent and clean cup. The most common processing method in Brazil, used for about 90% of the Arabicas produced, is the dry process, also known as unwashed or natural. The entire coffee cherry is first cleaned and then placed in the sun to dry in thin layers on the patios or dried by drying machines. Coffee plantations in Brazil often cover immense areas of land, need hundreds of people to manage and operate them and produce large quantities of coffee.
|COFFEE REGIONS||Minas Gerais, Cerrado, Sul de Minas, Sao Paolo, Mato Grosso, Espirito Santo, Paraná, Bahia|
|COFFEE ALTITUDES||600 – 1,300 masl.|
|VARIETIES||Mundo Novo, Yellow Bourbon, Caturra, Catuai|
|HARVEST PERIOD||May – Sep|
|COFFEE FARMS||Bigger "smallholders" and plantations|
|AVERAGE FARM SIZE||5 – 20 ha|
|YEARLY PRODUCTION (IN 60KG BAGS)||58,211,000|