India washed Arabica Plantation AA Cascade Estate
|Unit of Measure||bags of 60kg|
|Variety||SLN 9, S795, Chandragiri|
|Producer||Cascade Estate, 104 ha (99 ha under coffee)|
India is a country full of color: bowls of spices in brick-red and ocher shades in vivid market streets, turquoise water hitting golden beaches, and verdant volcanic mountains pervading picturesque flora. It is home to one of the most incredible biodiversity hot spots in the world.
According to the legend, at the beginning of the 17th century, the saint Baba Budan stopped by at the seaport of Mokka in Yemen during his pilgrimage to Mecca. He found a coffee tree, wrapped seven of the grains in his turban, and smuggled them to India. Once he arrived, he planted the beans in his garden near evergreen, lofty mountains in the state of Karnataka - and so the birthplace of coffee in India had arisen.
The beautiful Cascade Estate is located in one of India's traditional coffee-growing regions in the Salem district of Tamilnadu. This region is known for its high-quality Arabica coffee. The estate has a long tradition and was established over 100 years ago. The estate ensures a sustainable coffee production, maintaining rich bio-diversity and harmony between nature and humans. Various bird species and wild animals, such as bison, enjoy the estate's tree canopies, lakes, and rivers. Many varieties of native trees are grown at the farm, adding to the flora of the region. The coffee is cultivated under two-tier shade trees to provide the best conditions for the cherries to develop excellent quality and taste. The farm provided land that houses a Primary School run by the local Government.
During the harvest season, the red and ripe coffee cherries are manually selected, de-pulped, fermented, washed, and finally, the parchment is dried in the sun.
India is full of color: bowls of brick red and ocher spices at vivid markets and turquoise water hitting golden beaches. Verdant volcanic mountain ranges sketch the diversity of India's flora and fauna. Not surprisingly, it also offers a large variety of agricultural produce. Although making up only a low percentage of its exports, India's specialty coffee production has started to draw some serious attention.
India may generally be more known for tea. However, the actual origins of coffee production root back to as early as 1670. According to legend, Saint Baba Budan stopped in the port city of Mokka in Yemen on his pilgrimage to Mecca. There he discovered a coffee tree, wrapped seven grains in his turban, and smuggled them to India. Once he arrived, he planted the beans in his garden near the evergreen, flowery mountains of Chikmagalur- and so the birthplace of coffee in India had arisen.
In his honor, the fertile mountain chains were named after him (Giri = mountains) and are famous for some of the nuttiest Indian Arabicas. Today, there are about 250,000 coffee growers in India – 98% of them being smallholders. Most of India's production takes place in the southern part of the country, in the states of Kerala and Karnataka. The latter is shaped by the profuse Western Ghats, a mountain range inherent to one of the greatest biodiversity hotspots in the world.
While Arabica makes up about 40% of the country's production, Indian Robustas have also gained some reputation and are mostly grown in Kerala. Both Arabica and Robusta beans can also be processed as Monsooned Malabars. This traditional processing method is unique to India and stems from the early days when ships loaded with coffee experienced heavy rainfalls and high humidity on their way to England. Today, the coffees are thus exposed to high humidity during the monsoon period to soak up with water and gain a distinct woody flavor.
|COFFEE REGIONS||Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Bababudangiri, Chikmagalur, Coorg, Kerala|
|COFFEE ALTITUDES||800 – 2,000 masl.|
|VARIETIES||S795, S274, Selection (4, 5, 5B, 6, 9) Kent, Cauvery, Robusta|
|HARVEST PERIOD||Oct – Feb|
|COFFEE FARMS||250,000 smallholders and plantations|
|AVERAGE FARM SIZE||0.5 – 5.5 ha|
|YEARLY PRODUCTION (IN 60KG BAGS)||4,988,000|