Nicaragua natural SHG EP Parainema Finca Los Altiplanos
|Unit of Measure||GrainPro bags of 69kg|
|Bag Type||Grain Pro|
|Variety||Pacamara, Java, Paraneima, Marsellesa, Catuai, Catimor|
|Producer||Los Altiplanos located in Jinotega 140 ha (78 ha under coffee)|
Nicaragua is one of the biggest coffee producers in Central America. Coffee from this large but thinly populated country is of high quality and complex flavor. In the past, coffee production has suffered from devastating hurricanes and political and financial instability. Luckily, the situation has visibly recovered in the past 20 years. Producers are now keen to develop their agricultural practices within an improving infrastructure to revive their reputation in the specialty coffee scene.
The 140-hectare-sized Finca Los Altiplanos has a truly sensational story. It was founded over 90 years ago by a Scottish farmer named Potter. In the late 1930s, Mr. Potter got caught in the civil war between the Government and the Sandinista forces and was forced to move back to Scotland. After his death, the Finca was sold to Nicaragua's President Somoza García and in the 80's it was confiscated by the Government. 14 years ago, Don Ricardo Cuadra Fajardo finally acquired the farm. This beautiful place is located in the mountains of the Dantlí El Diablo national reserve. The Juguina river borders the farm. The region of Jinotega in northern Nicaragua produces some of the country's finest coffees. This particular coffee producer even participated in Nicaragua's Cup of Excellence. It is well known for its volcanic and loamy soils and provides ideal conditions for coffee cultivation due to its rich and diverse microclimate. The hilly and mountainous land surrounding the farm is covered by a lush pine forest where monkeys, birds, and other native animals can roam freely. Don Ricardo and his family pay particular attention to the environment. Coffee is cultivated under shade trees. 30 hectares of the farm are kept as a natural reserve .
For this washed coffee, the cherries are carefully selected by hand once they are red and ripe. After that, they are de-pulped, fermented, washed, and dried in the sun. Afterward, it's transported to the dry mill. There, the parchment is de-husked and carefully prepared for export.
Nicaragua is a renowned coffee-producing country in Central America. Coffee from this thinly populated nation is of high quality and characteristic flavor. Based on its soil, diverse varieties, and changing microclimates, the country offers a surprising range of cup profiles.
In 1790, Catholic Missionaries – out of curiosity - first started growing coffee in Nicaragua. But it took another fifty years for coffee to become an economically relevant income pillar to the country. Between 1840 and 1940, Nicaragua’s coffee industry blossomed and grew its global market share substantially. Initially, the Government subsidized large farms but later started the institutionalization of cooperatives. First coops were formed only in the early 20th century.
In the past, coffee production has suffered from devastating political and financial instability. Although the coffee industry experienced several setbacks, coffee remained among the country’s primary export goods. Luckily, in the past 20 years, the situation has started to recover. Producers are now keen to develop their agricultural practices within an improving infrastructure to revive their reputation in the specialty coffee scene. Today, coffees from Nicaragua have a high level of traceability. The best known coffee-growing regions are the highlands of Jinotega and Matagalpa, and Nueva Segovia. As farmers are continuously improving their agricultural techniques, the quality of Nicaraguan coffee has been steadily increasing, suggesting great potential for the country’s future production.
|COFFEE REGIONS||Jinotega, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia|
|COFFEE ALTITUDES||1,000 – 1,700 masl.|
|VARIETIES||Caturra, Bourbon, Maracaturra, Maragogype, Pacamara, Catuaí, & Catimor|
|HARVEST PERIOD||Dec - Mar|
|COFFEE FARMS||Smallholders and plantations|
|AVERAGE FARM SIZE||0.5 – 5.5 ha|
|YEARLY PRODUCTION (IN 60KG BAGS)||2.650.000|