Brazil Fully Washed Arabica, Faz. Ecoagricola, Scr 16up, Yellow Catucaí
|Unit of Measure||GrainPro bags of 60kg|
|Bag Type||Grain Pro|
|Region||Chapada de Minas, Serra do Cabral|
Brazil has been the world’s biggest coffee producer for more than 150 years. While for a long time coffee cultivation has been focused on quantity, in the last 15 years, a growing number of producers have started to orient their production towards quality. They devote lots of effort, knowledge and technology to producing high-quality coffee beans in order to supply the global specialty market.
One of this movement‘s pioneers is Fazenda Ecoagricola. It is located in the state of Minas Gerais, which is responsible for more than 50% of Brazil’s coffee production. The northern part of the state is known as the region of Chapada de Minas. Here, the Serra do Cabral plateau rises at 1,100 meters above sea level. The Flanzer family started cultivating this remote piece of land in the 1970s with forestry activities. In 2006, they began to cultivate coffee. The farm is Rainforest AllianceTM certified and has achieved high sustainability standards over the years. It has natural reserves where wild animals can live freely. The Flanzer family also operates a native trees nursery, producing seedlings for its own forests and supplying neighboring communities, cities and schools.
After the cherries have been harvested, the coffee is wet processed. At the wet mill, the cherries are sorted, pulped and fermented. Afterward, the coffee is washed, graded and sun-dried. During the drying period all defective beans are removed by hand.
Brazil is well-known for its geographical vastness. The Amazon basin stretches over more than a thousand kilometers, while an endless coastline frames the country in the east. In the central parts of Brazil, the Cerrado plateaus cover the states Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, and Minas Gerais, making it one of the largest coffee production regions in the world.
Coffee production in Brazil represents about one-third of the entire coffee production, making it by far the biggest producer worldwide for the last 150 years. Both Arabica and Robusta (known as Conilon) are grown, whereas Arabica dominates with a growing share of ca. 80%.
Coffees from Brazil are described in detail: NY 2 stands for "New York 2" and refers to the maximum number of allowed defects, according to the defect count method of the New York stock exchange. It is quality-wise the highest grade. Screen 17/18 defines the bean size. It is one of the biggest among Brazilian grades. Strictly soft, fine cup describes the cup profile – requiring a smooth, consistent and clean cup. The most common processing method in Brazil, used for about 90% of the Arabicas produced, is the dry process, also known as unwashed or natural. The entire coffee cherry is first cleaned and then placed in the sun to dry in thin layers on the patios or dried by drying machines. Coffee plantations in Brazil often cover immense areas of land, need hundreds of people to manage and operate them and produce large quantities of coffee.
|COFFEE REGIONS||Minas Gerais, Cerrado, Sul de Minas, Sao Paolo, Mato Grosso, Espirito Santo, Paraná, Bahia|
|COFFEE ALTITUDES||600 – 1,300 masl.|
|VARIETIES||Mundo Novo, Yellow Bourbon, Caturra, Catuai|
|HARVEST PERIOD||May – Sep|
|COFFEE FARMS||Bigger "smallholders" and plantations|
|AVERAGE FARM SIZE||5 – 20 ha|
|YEARLY PRODUCTION (IN 60KG BAGS)||58,211,000|